The function of general laws in history 1 it is a rather widely held opinion that history, in contra distinction to the so-called physical sciences, is concerned with the description of particular events of the past rather than with the search for general laws which might govern those events. Hempel formalizes historical explanation as involving (a) statements of determining (initial and boundary) conditions for the event to be explained, and (b) statements of general laws that imply that whenever events of the kind described in (a) occur, an event of the kind to be explained will take place. The classic tradition: hempel versus collingwood in 1942 the philosopher carl hempel published a paper called “the function of general laws in history” in which he laid out a theory of historical explanation1 in history as in science, hempel said, explanation meant deduction.
Hempel 'rhe logical analysis of psychology 1 author's prefatory notechapter 7 164 a historical introduction to the philosophy uf mind r ' carl g my reasons are suggested in some of my more recent articles. Some believe that historical explanation is an application of a paradigm of scientific explanation, especially carl hempel's covering law model or the deductive- nomological model11 on this view, to explain a particular event is to bring it under some general causal law as an instance of that law. One of the topics on the final is scientific explanation, and more specifically carl gustav hempel’s models of explanation first, there needs to be a distinction between types of explanations – that is, the type of explanation for particular events and the type for general laws. Carl gustav hempel (1905–1997) was a german-american philosopher of science and a prominent member of the vienna circle these philosophers were called logical positivists—“logical” because they argued that scientific laws could and should be reformulated as logically necessary deductions.
Hempel's dilemma is a question first asked (at least on record) by the philosopher carl hempel it has relevance to naturalism and physicalism in philosophy, and to philosophy of mind. Hempel carl g: aspects of scientific explanation and other essays in the philosophy of science,the free press-macmillan, new york-london 1965 google scholar hempel 1948. “hempel, explanation, metaphysics” argues that if carl hempel had been willing to make use of some of the metaphysical concepts that are now regarded as uncontroversial, such as the concept of an event, the concept of causation, and others, he could have formulated and defended his theory of explanation more simply and effectively this claim is illustrated with various purported. Nebula 13, dec 04 – jan 05 jefferson: toward laws in history 40 toward laws in history: carl g hempel and the evidence dilemma by john jefferson in high school chemistry, students learn that there are certain experiments that can be.
The quarrel about historical explanation the discussion of the philosophical question of historical explanation is in reality a disagreement concerning the nature of the philosophic method there are primarily two sides taken in this argument, those who agree with carl hempel and those that. Carl gustav hempel's work is essential for understanding the positivist philosophy of science his interpretation of scientific explanation and his paradoxes of confirmation have stimulated discussion for decades. “scientiﬁc explanation” is the traditional the “fountainhead” of almost all contemporary thinking about explanation is carl hempel’s deductive-nomological (dn) “model” of explanation5 put into the form (5), the theory says the conjunction of the argument’s premises expresses. Reviews aspects of scientific explanation: and other essays in the philosophy of science by carl g hempel new york, the free press, 1965. The discussion of the philosophical question of historical explanation is in reality a disagreement concerning the nature of the philosophic method there are primarily two sides taken in this argument, those who agree with carl hempel and those that do not.
Historical understanding is and what historical explanation is—can be of great value to the working historian that knowledge can serve as a kind of in 1942 the philosopher carl hempel published a paper called “the func method12 at any given point in a historical argument, the historian can ask. In this paper i argue that carl hempel’s theory of historical explanation ultimately fails in his goal of explaining history ii however, with a slight modification to hempel’s statistical. Theories of explanation the deductive relationship between premises and conclusion maximized the predictive value of the explanation hempel accepted is arguments as explanatory just to the extent that they approximated dn explanations by conferring a high probability on the event to be explained paul (1948) studies in the logic of.
Hempel definition, us philosopher, born in germany see more. Carl gustav hempel was born in 1905 in oranienburg, germany he studied mathematics, physics, and philosophy at the universities of göttingen, heidelberg, berlin, and vienna in 1929, he participated in a congress on scientific philosophy where he met rudolf carnap. Carl g hempel's seminal papers the function of general laws in history (1942) and studies in the logic of explanation (1948, with paul oppenheim) started a new epoch in the philosophy of science. A major challenge to any effort at determining carl hempel’s place on the map of the history of philosophy of science is that hempel himself was a reluctant and unreliable historian of philosophy, his own philosophy in particular.
To this end, the paper presents carl gustav hempel's ‘covering-law’ model (1948 and 1962) and reviews some of the criticism of the model the strength of hempel's model is that it shows that inductive arguments, when applied with the requirement of maximal specificity, can serve as explanations as well as predictions. 164 a historical introduction to the philosophy uf mind chapter 7 carl g hempel 1'rhe logical analysis of psychology author's prefatory note, 1977the original french version of this article was published in. 3 carl hempel, two models of scientific explanation carl gustav hempel 's (1905- 1997) classic account of explanation is widely known as the covering-law model it includ es two species : the deductive-nomological expla nat ion and the probabilistic-statistical expla- nation.